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Somalia

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ABOUT

Years of armed conflict in Somalia has resulted in widespread contamination with ERW and landmines, proliferation of small arms and light weapons and a steady rise in the use of IEDs.

Mandated by UN Security Council Resolution 2346 (2017) and 2358 (2017), UNMAS is an integrated component of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) and its Rule of Law and Security Institutions Group  (ROLSIG), which provides strategic policy and technical advice to the Federal Government of Somalia and its national security institutions.

Further mandated by UNSCR 2355 (2017), UNMAS is also a component of the United Nations Support Office in Somalia (UNSOS), which provides logistical support to AMISOM. Moreover, UNMAS has special status in the United Nations Country Team for coordinating humanitarian mine action activities in Somalia under the umbrella of the Global Protection Cluster.

ACTIVITIES

As a component of UNSOS, UNMAS provides explosive threat mitigation support to AMISOM troops from Burundi, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda. To mitigate explosive threats against AMISOM personnel and assets, UNMAS trains and mentors the troops in EOD and IED disposal, advices on operational planning processes, use of specialized equipment and services, including explosive detection dogs, with the aim to enhance force protection and force mobility.

As a component of UNSOM, UNMAS provides advice, training and equipment to the Somali Police to develop its bomb disposal capabilities across Somalia. Enhancing such capabilities remains crucial, especially with regards to the critical lead-up to the presidential election in 2021 and to the commenced gradual drawdown of AMISOM troops. UNMAS is also supporting the Government in weapons and ammunition management in line with sanctions obligations under the partial lifting of the arms embargo.

UNMAS supports the protection of civilians in contaminated areas by coordinating humanitarian mine action activities, such as survey, clearance and risk education. Since 2015, UNMAS has supported the development of civilian-led clearance efforts along the Somali border with Ethiopia, which has a positive impact with regards to human security, employment opportunities and countering violent extremism, particularly youth, who could otherwise be exploited by armed groups.

FUNDING

UNMAS currently receives funding from the United Kingdom and Japan, as well as contributions from the regular and peacekeeping budgets of UNSOM and UNSOS. UNMAS is seeking additional resources to further develop the capabilities of the Somali Police in bomb disposal, to support the weapons and ammunition management sector, as well as to implement humanitarian mine action activities.

Updated August 2017

Programme of:

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IMPACT

Financial year 2016/17:

  • Over 8,000 troops from the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) received tailored training in line with their functions. UNMAS technical teams also carried out 1,366 briefings for mobility operations and facilitated movement of 2,192 AMISOM convoys.
  • In support of AMISOM stabilization efforts, UNMAS multi-task teams identified 563 locations contaminated with explosive remnants of war (ERW) and destroyed 415 items in various areas. The teams also surveyed 775,000 sq² of land and 4,087 km of road.
  • Community liaison officers carried out 200 village assessments and 93 road assessments along the main supply routes in support of AMISOM operations in recently liberated areas.
  • Explosive detection dog  teams verified 7,269 vehicles, 52,114 pieces of luggage,  402 buildings and covered a total of 9,904,420 sq² of land.

Since 2015:

  • With UNMAS support, the Somali Police, AMISOM and non-governmental organizations destroyed 17,938 ERW items and 197 improvised explosive devices (IEDs).
  • Over 8,500 weapons were marked and registered while 221 unsafe weapons were destroyed.
  • Over 800 Somali Police recruits from various locations received IED awareness training while 324 specialized personnel from the Somali Police received training in explosive ordnance disposal (EOD), IED threat mitigation and in other topics linked to security.
  • 172 Somalis were trained in manual demining along the Somali border with Ethiopia.
  • 140,188 people from various communities received risk education about explosive hazards.

 

LINKS


 

PRESS RELEASES

2017

Japan Donates US$906,000 for Mine Action in Somalia

2016

The People of Japan Continue to Support Security and Stability in Somalia


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