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Somalia

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ABOUT

Years of armed conflict in Somalia has resulted in widespread contamination with ERW and landmines, proliferation of small arms and light weapons and a steady rise in the use of IEDs.

Mandated by UNSCR 2385 (2018) and 2408 (2018), UNMAS is an integrated component of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM), which provides strategic policy and technical advice to the Federal Government of Somalia and the Somali Security Forces.

Further mandated by UNSCR 2431 (2018), UNMAS is a component of the United Nations Support Office in Somalia (UNSOS), which provides logistical support to AMISOM. Moreover, UNMAS has special status in the United Nations Country Team for coordinating humanitarian mine action activities in Somalia under the umbrella of the Global Protection Cluster.

ACTIVITIES

As a component of UNSOS, UNMAS provides explosive threat mitigation support to AMISOM troops from Burundi, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda. To mitigate explosive threats against AMISOM personnel and assets, UNMAS trains and mentors troops in EOD and IED threat mitigation, advices on operational planning processes, use of specialized equipment and services, including EDDs, with the aim to enhance force protection and mobility.

As a component of UNSOM, UNMAS provides advice, training and equipment to the Somali Police to develop its bomb disposal capabilities across Somalia. Enhancing such capabilities remains crucial, especially with regards to the critical lead-up to the presidential election in 2021 and the gradual handing over of security responsibilities from AMISOM to the Somali Security Forces. UNMAS is also supporting the Government in weapons and ammunition management in line with sanctions obligations under the partial lifting of the arms embargo.

UNMAS supports the protection of civilians in contaminated areas by coordinating humanitarian mine action activities such as survey, clearance and risk education. Since 2015, UNMAS has supported the development of civilian-led clearance efforts along the Somali border with Ethiopia, which has a positive impact with regards to employment opportunities, human security, and PVE, particularly youth, who could otherwise be exploited by armed groups.

FUNDING

UNMAS currently receives funding from contributions from the regular and assessed budgets of UNSOM and UNSOS. UNMAS is seeking additional resources to further develop the capabilities of the Somali Security Forces, to support the weapons and ammunition management sector, as well as to implement stabilisation and humanitarian mine action activities.

Updated October 2018

Programme of:

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IMPACT

Financial year 2018/19:

  • Over 4,253 troops from the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) received tailored training in line with their functions. UNMAS carried out 552 briefings for mobility operations and facilitated movement of 355 AMISOM convoys.
  • In support of stabilization efforts, UNMAS identified 32 locations contaminated by explosive hazards and destroyed 63 explosive remnants of war (ERW) and 2 landmines in various areas. UNMAS also verified and released 599,832 m² of land and assessed 456 km of road.
  • UNMAS carried out 84 village assessments and 7 road assessments along main supply routes in support of AMISOM operations in liberated areas.
  • Risk education reached 5,949 people of which 64% of the beneficiaries were children.
  • UNMAS conducted 146 sessions on preventing violent extremism (PVE) targeting youths and distributed 170 risk education leaflets.
  • Explosive detection dog (EDD) teams verified 15,111 vehicles, 87,968 pieces of luggage, 102 buildings and covered a total of 11,518,605 m² of land.

Since 2015:

  • With UNMAS support, the Somali Police Forces (SPF), AMISOM and non-governmental organizations destroyed 20,085 ERW items and 267 improvised explosive devices (IEDs).
  • More than 75 km2 cleared from hazards and 50 landmines destroyed (41 AP and 9 AT).
  • Over 16,000 weapons were marked and registered while 221 unsafe weapons were destroyed.
  • Over 800 SPF recruits from various locations received IED awareness training while 542 specialized personnel from the SPF received training in explosive ordnance disposal (EOD), IED threat mitigation and in other topics linked to security.
  • 190 Somalis were trained in manual demining along the Somali border with Ethiopia.
  • 163,668 people from various communities received risk education about explosive hazards.

 

LINKS


 

PRESS RELEASES

2017

Japan Donates US$906,000 for Mine Action in Somalia

2016

The People of Japan Continue to Support Security and Stability in Somalia

 

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