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Democratic Republic of the Congo

UNMAS participates in the first ‘Ekiden Amani’, a relay race of 42 kilometers to celebrate peace. Photo: UNMAS

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ABOUT

Since independence in 1960, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has been locked in a spiral of armed conflict resulting in nationwide contamination by explosive hazards and an illicit proliferation of small arms and light weapons. The United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS) is present in the DRC since 2002 and has offices in Kinshasa, Goma, Bunia, Kananga, Bukavu, Kananga and Kalemie to coordinate and implement its country-wide activities in support of the Government of the DRC, MONUSCO and the UN Country Team.

UNMAS operates under UN legislative mandates of both the General Assembly and the Security Council, or at the request of the UN Secretary-general or his designated official, or of an affected country. In compliance with Security Council Resolutions 2098 (2013) and 2409 (2018) and as part of the protection Cluster, in DRC UNMAS conducts explosive hazard management activities in protection of civilians and for the safety and security of UN personnel as well as weapons and ammunition management activities to address the current lack of capacity of national security state actors to safely store and manage their weapons and stockpiles in line with minimum international standards.

ACTIVITIES

UNMAS vision for the DRC: DRC is a country free from the threat of mines, explosive hazards, and uncontrolled Small Arms and Light Weapons proliferation, where communities live in a sustainable, safe and secure environment.

Support to MONUSCO

UNMAS mitigates the threat posed by explosive hazards to civilians before, during and after MONUSCO Force operations against armed groups through EOD activities. UNMAS is also on emergency standby to react to explosive hazards that pose an immediate threat to civilians and to conduct rapid assessment and clearance.

In support of MONUSCO military operations, UNMAS destroys obsolete, abandoned or surrendered weapons and ammunition. UNMAS also provides technical advice to the Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration component and other Mission sections.

UNMAS encourages national institutions to increase weapons, ammunition and stockpile safety to reduce the risks of misappropriation, theft and misuse. UNMAS supports security state actors through training in safe weapons and ammunition management, and the provision of safe storage solutions in the Mission’s area of responsibility.

Humanitarian Mine Action

UNMAS aims at strengthening the capacity of the Congolese National Police by evaluating its infrastructure and its capacity to manage its weapons and ammunition.

UNMAS supports the National Mine Action Authority (CCLAM) in coordinating the survey and clearance activities of suspected hazardous areas identified in the DRC. In addition, UNMAS conducts non-technical and technical surveys in conflict-affected areas, where the highest contamination is expected.

To promote community safety, safer behaviours around weapons and ammunition, and to raise awareness on the risks posed by explosive hazards and SALW, UNMAS and its implementing partners carry out RE in conflict-affected communities. Channels for conveying RE messages include organized RE sessions, radio broadcasting in local languages, SMS campaigns, public events and the distribution of leaflets with information on how to identify and report ERW.

 

FUNDING

For the 2018/2019 fiscal year, UNMAS received 3.8M USD from MONUSCO Assessed Budget. UNMAS also received 1.4M USD extra-budgetary funding from the CERF as well as from the Governments of Japan, Korea, Netherlands, Denmark and Sweden. Additionally, the Governments of Switzerland and Sweden provided in-kind personnel.

Updated: October 2018

Programme of:

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IMPACT - ONE UN

Since April 2018, UNMAS has had the following impact in the DRC:

  • 48,162 civilians in at-risk areas received education (RE) on the threats posed by Explosive Remnants of War (ERW) and on recommended safe behaviours; and 356 UN and NGO personnel received mine/ ERW awareness training.
  • 23,681 items of ERW, small arms ammunition and weapons were destroyed facilitating the creation of safer environments; and 130 Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) spot tasks were conducted in response to Mission requests.
  • 10,015 square meters of hazardous areas were cleared, enabling the safe movement of communities and the delivery of humanitarian action.
  • 900 weapons were secured through the installation of safes at Congolese National Police (PNC) stations; and 384 National Police officers were trained in the safe and secure management of small arms, light weapons (SALW) and ammunition.

 

PRESS RELEASES

2018

CERF: Reducing the risks caused by the explosive remnants of wars for the affected populations of Ituri, South Kivu and Tanganyika in DRC

Republic of Korea reinforces its commitment to protect civilians from dangerous explosive devices in DRC

The People of Japan Contribute $ 500,000 to support UN Mine Action Activities in DRC

2017

 The People of Japan Contribute $450,000 to support UN Mine Action Activities in DRC

2016

Japan Contributes $ 2 Million to support UN Mine Action Activities in DRC [French]

2015

DRC is Engaged in the Fight against Illegal Weapons and Ammunition Proliferation to protect the Community and Restore Rule of law  [French]

2014

[Information Note] UNMAS Launches the National Landmine Contamination Survey Report in the Democratic Republic of Congo

[Information Note] Official Launch of the Result of the National Landmine and Cluster Munition Contamination Survey in the Democratic Republic of Congo  


 

Links

MONUSCO Website