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Sudan (excluding Darfur)

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ABOUT

UNMAS supports the Sudanese National Mine Action Center (NMAC) in building institutional capacity to meet obligations under Article 5 of the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention (Ottawa Treaty) and other relevant international treaties, in addition to mobilizing resources for land release, mine risk education (MRE) and victim assistance (VA).

An UNMAS Programme was established in 2002 following a tri-partite Memorandum of Understanding signed by the Government of Sudan, the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) and UNMAS. The agreement provided the framework for mine action activities throughout Sudan.

The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) signed in 2005 and the UN Security Council Resolution 1590 that established the United Nations Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) further enhanced the role of the UN in the field of mine action.

The UN Mine Action Office (UNMAO) was established as an integral part of UNMIS with regional offices in the North, South and Darfur areas of Sudan. With the expiration of the UNMIS mandate in July 2011, the mine action programme in Sudan downsized and transitioned the lead role of mine action to the Sudan National Mine Action Center (NMAC). UNMAS re-started its intervention in mine action in 2015 upon invitation of the Government of Sudan.

ACTIVITIES

FUNDING 

UNMAS Sudan programme is 100% funded by donor contributions to the Voluntary Trust Fund for Assistance in Mine Action and requires 13.2 million USD to implement its 2017 work plan. In the first part of 2017, the programme has secured a total of US$ 2 million from the Governments of Japan, Italy, US and Sudan Humanitarian Fund which are being effectively utilized for land release, risk education, victim assistance and national capacity building activities.

Updated: August 2017

Programme of:

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IMPACT

Since its independence in 1956, Sudan has experienced a number of conflicts that have contaminated the country extensively with landmines and other explosive remnants of war (ERW), causing severe civilian casualties. Today, nine out of 18 states of Sudan are affected by landmines/ERW, with the highest concentration in South Kordofan and Blue Nile states. As of 31 July 2017, the mine action efforts undertaken in the region were as follows:

  • 105 km2 of dangerous areas released for productive use

  • 37,898 km of roads verified or cleared

  • 10,157 Anti-Personnel mines, 3,232 Anti-Tank mines, and 78,679 unexploded ordnances found and destroyed

  • 3.5 million people received mine risk education (MRE)

  • 755 mine victims received assistance


PRESS RELEASES

2017

Japan Contributes to UNMAS in Sudan to Support Sudan to Meet Its Ottawa Treaty Commitment