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Sudan (excluding Darfur)

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UNMAS supports and assists Sudan National Mine Action Center (NMAC) in building institutional capacity to meet obligations under Article 5 of the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention (‘Ottawa Treaty’) and other relevant international treaties, in addition to mobilizing resources for land release, mine risk education (MRE) and victim assistance (VA).

An UNMAS Programme was established in 2002 following a tri-partite Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed by the Government of Sudan (GoS), the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) and UNMAS. The agreement provided the framework for mine action activities throughout Sudan.

The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) signed in 2005 and the UN Security Council Resolution 1590 that established the United Nations Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) further enhanced the role of the UN in the field of mine action.

The UN Mine Action Office (UNMAO) was established as an integral part of UNMIS with regional offices in the North, South and Darfur areas of Sudan. With the expiration of the UNMIS mandate in July 2011, the mine action programme in Sudan downsized and transitioned the lead role of mine action to the Sudan National Mine Action Center (NMAC). UNMAS re-started its intervention in mine action in 2015 upon invitation of the Government of Sudan.



In 2018, US $9.2 million is required to continue land release operations in South and West Kordofan, Blue Nile and Eastern States, conduct MRE, VA and strengthen national capacity. To date, the programme has secured a total of US$ 1.8 million from Japan, Italy, and Sudan Humanitarian Fund for land release, risk education, victim assistance and national capacity building activities. In addition, the Government of Sudan is contributing US $ 2 million to support mine action operation in the country.

Updated: March 2018

Programme of:



Since its independence in 1956, Sudan has suffered a number of conflicts that have contaminated the country extensively with landmines and other explosive remnants of war (ERW), used by all parties involved in the conflict, and causing hundreds of civilian casualties. Today, nine of the 18 States of Sudan are reported to be affected by landmines and ERW, with the highest concentration in South Kordofan and Blue Nile States. As of 28 February 2018, the mine action efforts undertaken in the region were as follows:

  • 106.3 km2 of dangerous areas have been released for productive use

  • 37,898 km of roads have been verified or cleared

  • 10,275 Anti-Personnel mines, 3,238 Anti-Tank mines, and 85,312 unexploded ordnances have been found and destroyed

  • 3.54 million people received mine risk education (MRE)

  • 780 mine victims received assistance



Japan Contributes to UNMAS in Sudan to Support Sudan to Meet Its Ottawa Treaty Commitment