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Afghanistan

Afghanistan celebrated the International Mine Awareness Day 2015. Photo: Fardin Waezi/UNAMA

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ABOUT

The Mine Action Programme of Afghanistan (MAPA), the world’s largest mine action programme, was established in 1989 to make Afghanistan safe from the threat of mines and other explosive remnants of war (ERW). After the fall of the Taliban in 2002, the Government of Afghanistan entrusted interim responsibility for mine action to the United Nations. In 2008, the Government assigned the Directorate for Mine Action Coordination (DMAC) under the Afghan National Disaster Management Authority (ANDMA) to work collaboratively with UNMAS.

In 2012, UNMAS begun to transfer coordination and operational responsibilities to the DMAC, and in 2016 the operational capacity within UNMAS transitioned to support and advise the DMAC. This gradual transfer toward full national ownership will continue into 2018.

While almost 78.7% of the known area contaminated by recorded minefields and battlefields has been cleared, the remaining 21.3% still qualifies Afghanistan as one of the countries most affected by landmines and ERW. In total, 1,464 communities remain affected. Some3,721 identified hazards remain, impeding development by delaying new road networks, airports, mineral mines, transmission lines and returnee settlement areas.

In addition to the landmines and ERW planned for clearance, new challenges continue to emerge for the programme. The ongoing armed conflict creates additional, deadly ERW contamination, while the increased usage in pressure-plate IED during engagement is causes significantly high civilian casualties. Approximately 155(June 2016 –July 2017)people per month still lose their lives or limbs as result of mines, ERW or pressure plate IED (PPIED) incidents. Furthermore, due to an increase in victim-activated IEDs over the past three years, the number of casualties recorded is increasing.

ACTIVITIES

The Afghanistan Donor and Implementing Partners Coordination Workshop for Mine Action was held from 27th to 29th March 2017 in Geneva, Switzerland. The workshop was hosted by the United States Department of State, Office for Weapons Removal and Abatement (PM/WRA) and Afghanistan’s Ministry for Disaster Management and Humanitarian Affairs, and it was facilitated by the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD).For moredetails,click here.

All modern-day armed conflicts have left behind the problem of explosive remnants of war, a lingering issue that lasts years and even decades after the conflict has ended. Afghanistan is no exception.During the long decades of war, all parties in the conflict have used ERWs, land mines and other explosive remnants of war, which pose a major threat to the lives of millions of Afghan citizens across the country. dangers. . For more details, click here.

On 4th April 2017, The Mine Action Programme of Afghanistan passed another landmark towards the Ottawa Treaty compliance by successfully declaring six districts of Badakshan Province free of known mines and explosive remnants of war contamination, during a ceremony held in Badakhshan Provincial Governor Office.For more details click here.

UNMAS implements the Afghan Civilian Assistance Program (ACAP III), which aims to mitigate the immediate and short-term impact of conflict on civilians including victims of mines and other explosive remnants of war (ERW). Since the inception of the project in 2015, ACAP III has provided immediate assistance packages to 12,264 families, benefitting over 105,500 people. ACAP III has also delivered 725 income generation packages resulting in 5,694 beneficiaries and 16,368 people have benefited from ACAP III’s psychosocial assistance. Finally, ACAP III has provided physical rehabilitation services to 3,849 victims of conflict.

FUNDING 

Sustained financing is critical for MAPA to declare Afghanistan mine-free by 2023 in line with the country’s obligations under the APMBT. Given the scope of the contamination, achieving this goal would be historic for the country and the world. MAPA is seeking US $110.1 million for 1396 (2017), of which US $94.5 million is for clearance towards the APMBT. The critical gap for UNMAS support to the MAPA and the DMAC in 1396 (2017) is approximately US $1 million, without which many coordination functions, including quality management, data management, and operations and planning would be significantly reduced. UNMAS thanks the following donors for their generous support to MAPA through the Voluntary Trust Fund for Assistance in Mine Action this project year (1396): Australia, Belgium, Canada, Finland, Japan, New Zealand and the United States of America.

Updated: August 2017

Programme of:

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IMPACT

  • 18,258,860 items of ERW; 722,343 anti-personnel mines cleared; 29,647 anti-tank mines safely removed & disposed of; and 752 abandoned pressure-plate improvised explosive devices destroyed since 1989
  • 25,170 hazardous areas cleared/cancelled; 2,995.35 square kilometres of land released (incl. firing ranges) since 1989
  • Between February 2017 and July 2017 a total of 4,781people have received long term victim assistance training including Disability Awareness and Advocacy Training, Physical Rehabilitation, Victim Assistance
  • Between February 2017 and July 2017, a total of 818,686 people have received Mine/ERW Risk Education, in addition to 211,267 people being retrained

 

ACAP III MONTHLY REPORTS

2017

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PRESS RELEASES

2016

Japan Contributes $2 Million to Mine Action in Afghanistan

2015

The Clearance of International Military High Explosive Training Ranges Decreases Civilian Casualties in 2015

Japan Provides $2 Million to Mine Action in Afghanistan


NEWS

ACAP III Supports Victims of 19 April 2016 Attack in Kabul

Farid was walking with his father to the market when the explosion hit.

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PHOTOS

Afghanistan Marks International Mine Awareness Day 2015

(April 2015) To raise awareness about landmines and progress toward their eradication, Afghans and their...

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VIDEOS

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