UNMAS has been supporting the United Nations Mission in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI) since April 2011, when deploying immediately after the post-electoral crisis to assess the nature of and threat posed by explosive remnants of war (ERW) at the request of the Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO).Security Council Resolution 2284 (2016) – renewing UNOCI’s mandate for a final period until 30 June2017 – continues to highlight the importance of UNMAS work in Côte d’Ivoire.
Since 2011, UNMAS has undertaken a wide range of activities to enhance the protection of civilians and support consolidation of peace and stability in Côte d’Ivoire, aiming to reduce the threat and build a national capacity able to independently manage weapons and explosive hazards. By mid-2017,UNMAS will have completed the transfer of responsibilities for weapons and ammunition management and for response to the explosive threat to the relevant national authorities.
As such, UNMAS has supported UNOCI’s wider protection and stabilization efforts by providing assistance in three main areas: (i) Protection of civilians; (ii) Security Sector Reform; and(iii) Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration (DDR).
Protecting Civilians against Explosive Hazards:
UNMAS has reduced the unexploded ordnance (UXO) and explosive remnants of war (ERW) threat to a manageable level by: disposing of all known UXO and ERW; carrying out hundreds of Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) rapid response interventions during the first years after deployment;clearing 860,000 m2 of contaminated land through battle areas clearance (BAC); and destroying all known stockpiles of anti-personnel mines and cluster bombs.
Strengthening the national capacity to manage explosive hazards:
UNMAS has worked with the Government to develop an action plan for Weapon and Ammunition Management (WAM) as part of the national security strategy, and provided technical support andguidance for compliance to the Oslo and Ottawa Conventions.
In order to enhance the securization of weapons and ammunition, UNMAS has so far constructed and rehabilitated 230 ammunition storage facilities in all significant locations across the country as identified by the national authorities. National standards for storage have been developed; and a comprehensive national stockpile inventory is being developed.
UNMAS in Côte d’Ivoire is funded through the Assessed Budget of UNOCI, which has been renewed untilJune 2017.
Updated September 2016