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Mali

In Gao region, UNMAS, with its implementing partner MAG, delivers risk education sessions on the danger of ERW to promote safe behaviors. Photo: UNMAS/Sonia Pezier

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ABOUT

Following the outbreak of conflict in 2012, explosive hazards became a new threat in Mali, with a broad-ranging, detrimental impact on safety and freedom of movement in the central and northern parts of the country. This contamination hampers the delivery of humanitarian assistance, access to livelihoods and economic recovery of the population, return of refugees and displaced persons, in addition to threatening the lives of civilians. The use of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) by perpetrators of violence in Mali also impedes stabilization efforts.

UNMAS is mandated by UN General Assembly resolution 70/80 (2015) on Assistance in Mine Action. In Mali, UNMAS is also mandated by UN Security Council resolution 2295 (2016) which prioritizes the protection of civilians and stabilization efforts, as well as the enhancement of national capacities in explosive ordnance disposal and weapons and ammunition management.

ACTIVITIES

UNMAS vision in Mali: The Government of Mali, Malian civil society and the United Nations are able to mitigate and respond to explosive threats to significantly reduce the impact of landmines, ERW and IEDs, at which point UN Mine Action assistance is no longer requested.

As national coordinator for mine action, UNMAS implements, supports and coordinates humanitarian activities which include: survey, marking and clearance of prioritised dangerous areas; explosive hazard risk education; victim assistance and armed violence reduction. UNMAS also ensures that international partners work in compliance with International Mine Action Standards (IMAS) through quality assurance from its field offices in Gao, Kidal, Menaka, Mopti Timbuktu and Tessalit.

UNMAS assists the national authorities in developing technical capacity to safely manage explosive threats, coordinate the response and comply with IMAS through the provision of training, technical equipment and support, and the mentoring of MDSF personnel. UNMAS also provides advisory support and training to the Malian authorities in weapons and ammunition storage and management, in addition to advising the Permanent Secretariat to Counter the Proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons on Mali’s international obligations regarding mines, ERW and weapons and ammunition. 

UNMAS provides explosive threat mitigation support to the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA), through technical advice and delivery of in-country and predeployment training, facilitating freedom of movement for civilian and peacekeeping personnel, and improving resilience and safety for the delivery of the mission mandate. Specialized support is also provided to the MINUSMA EOD companies.

FUNDING

UNMAS Mali is primarily funded through the MINUSMA Assessed Budget and bilateral donors: Australia, Canada, Denmark, Japan, Luxembourg, the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, as well as donors contributing to the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) in Mali. Benin, the Netherlands, Switzerland and the United States of America provide in-kind support.

Updated June 2017

Programme of:

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Impact

Since 2013, UNMAS Mali has contributed to:

  • Protection of civilians, with a marked decrease in the number of explosive remnants of war (ERW) victims (2012: 53; 2013: 54; 2014: 38; 2015: 37; 2016: 23).
  • Improved access to livelihoods, freedom of movement and economic recovery for the population.
  • Increased safety for delivery of humanitarian assistance.
  • National authorities have a basic explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) response capacity, including following the establishment of a national EOD Operations Coordination Centre (CCO).

 

4,347,169 square meters of land released to communities, 1,769 villages surveyed, 1,704 items of ERW and 101,002 items of small arms ammunition destroyed. Training of more than 408 Malian Defence and Security Forces (MDSF) personnel in explosive threat mitigation.

More than 1 million people reached with risk education; awareness messages broadcast in 5 national languages through local radio stations; over 500 humanitarian workers attended explosive hazards awareness sessions.

490 tons of obsolete, unsafe and unserviceable ammunition, including 85 obsolete surface-to-air missiles (2014), and nearly 11,000 fire arms safely destroyed in support to the Malian authorities. This represents the largest ammunition stockpile disposed of by a national authority with UNMAS assistance.

19 armouries and ammunition storage areas with a total maximum capacity of 4,232 weapons and ammunitions have been rehabilitated, and more than 230 MDSF personnel trained in safe and secure weapons and ammunitions management (WAM).


LINKS

MINUSMA Website

UNMAS Mali Flickr (Latest Photos from UNMAS-Mali)


NEWS

Armed Violence Reduction in Mopti Region (September 2015)

Mine Action Emergency Response in Mali July 2015


 

Security Council Resolutions

S/RES/2100 (2013)


 

Press Release

UNMAS Mali finalises the demolition of 85 obsolete SA 3 missiles (6 June 2014) 

UNMAS au Mali finalise la démolition de 85 missiles SA 3 obsolètes (le vendredi 6 juin 2014)

Government of Japan Provides more Support to UNMAS Humanitarian Mine Action Work in Africa (22 May 2013)


PHOTOS

UNMAS completes specialized training in support of the National Gendarmerie

On 11 September 2015, UNMAS completed a four week comprehensive training package in Explosive Ordnance...

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VIDEOS

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