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Somalia

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ABOUT

Years of armed conflict in Somalia has resulted widespread contamination with explosive remnants of war (ERW) and landmines, proliferation of small arms and light weapons and a steady rise in the use of IEDs.

Mandated by UNSCR 2275 (2016) and 2346 (2017), UNMAS is an integrated component of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) and its Rule of Law and Security Institutions Group (ROLSIG), which provides strategic policy and technical advice to the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) and its national security institutions.

Further mandated by UNSCR 2297 (2016), UNMAS is also a component of the United Nations Support Office in Somalia (UNSOS), which provides non-lethal logistical support to the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM). Moreover, UNMAS has special status in the United Nations Country Team for coordinating humanitarian mine action activities in Somalia under the umbrella of the Protection Cluster.

ACTIVITIES

​As a component of UNSOS, UNMAS provides explosive threat mitigation support to AMISOM troops from Burundi, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Uganda. To mitigate explosive threats against AMISOM personnel and assets, UNMAS trains and mentors the troops in EOD and IED disposal, advices on operational planning processes, use of specialized equipment and services, including explosive detection dogs, with the aim to enhance force protection and force mobility.

​As a component of UNSOM, UNMAS provides advice, training and equipment to the Somali Police Forces to develop their bomb disposal capabilities across Somalia. Enhancing such capabilities remains crucial, especially with regards to the critical lead-up to the presidential election in 2020 and to the gradual drawdown of AMISOM troops. UNMAS is also supporting the FGS in weapons and ammunition management in line with sanctions obligations under the partial lifting of the arms embargo.

​UNMAS supports the protection of civilians in contaminated areas by coordinating humanitarian mine action activities, such as survey, clearance and risk education. Since 2015, UNMAS has supported the development of civilian-led clearance efforts along the Somali border with Ethiopia, which has a positive impact with regards to human security, employment opportunities and countering violent extremism, particularly youth, who could otherwise be exploited by armed groups.

FUNDING

UNMAS currently receives funding from the United Kingdom and Japan, as well as contributions from the regular and assessed budgets of UNSOM and UNSOS. UNMAS is seeking additional resources to further develop the capabilities of the Somali Police Forces in bomb disposal, to support the weapons and ammunition management sector, as well as to implement humanitarian mine action activities. 

Updated May 2017

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IMPACT

  • With UNMAS support, the Somali Police Forces, AMISOM and NGOs destroyed 7,476 explosive remnants of war (ERW) and 83 improvised explosive devices (IED)
  • Over 8,500 weapons were marked and registered in Mogadishu while 221 unserviceable weapons have been destroyed
  • 40 villages surveyed and 41.7 square kilometres of land released
  • Over 19,539 people received risk education about explosive hazards
  • A total of 1,488 AMISOM troops received various tailored trainings in line with their functions
  • 602 Somali Police recruits received IED awareness training
  • 87 specialized personnel from the Somali Police Forces received training in explosive ordnance disposal and IED disposal
  • 172 Somalis trained in manual demining along the Somali border with Ethiopia

 

LINKS


 

PRESS RELEASES

2017

Japan Donates US$906,000 for Mine Action in Somalia

2016

The People of Japan Continue to Support Security and Stability in Somalia


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