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Sudan (excluding Darfur)

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UNMAS supports and assists Sudan National Mine Action Center (NMAC) in building institutional capacity to meet obligations under Article 5 of the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention (‘Ottawa Treaty’) and other relevant international treaties, in addition to mobilizing resources for land release, mine risk education (MRE) and victim assistance (VA).

An UNMAS Programme was established in 2002 following a tri-partite Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed by the Government of Sudan (GoS), the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement and UNMAS. The agreement provided the framework for mine action activities throughout Sudan.

The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) signed in 2005 and the UN Security Council Resolution 1590 that established the United Nations Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) further enhanced the role of the UN in the field of mine action.

The UN Mine Action Office was established as an integral part of UNMIS with regional offices in the North, South and Darfur areas of Sudan. With the expiration of the UNMIS mandate in July 2011, the mine action programme in Sudan downsized and transitioned the lead role of mine action to the NMAC. UNMAS re-started its intervention in mine action in 2015 upon invitation of the Government of Sudan.



In 2018, UNMAS has mobilized a total of US $4.7 million to perform mine action activities in Sudan. In addition, the Government of Sudan allocated US $ 2 million to the mine action sector.

Updated: October 2018

Programme of:



Since its independence in 1956, Sudan suffered a number of conflicts that have contaminated the country with landmines and other explosive remnants of war (ERW), used by all parties involved in the conflict. Today, South and West Kordofan and Blue Nile states are reported to be affected by landmines and ERW while five Darfur states are affected by ERWs only*. As of 30 September 2018, the mine action efforts undertaken in the region were as follows:

  • 112.6 km2 of dangerous areas have been released for productive use
  • 37,960 km of roads have been verified or cleared
  • 10,303 Anti-Personnel mines, 3,239 Anti-Tank mines, and 93,923 unexploded ordnances have been found and destroyed
  • 3.7 million people received mine risk education (MRE)
  • 800 mine victims received assistance

*Mine action operations in Darfur states are undertaken by UN-African Mission in Darfur (UNAMID)’ Ordnance Disposal Office



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